About Varna

Varna is the third largest city in Bulgaria, with an area of 205 sq. km. Its location on the Northern shore of the Black Sea, along with its richness in natural resources, makes it one of the famous resorts Europewide, definitely the largest one in the Black Sea region. It also happens to be on the crossroads between Western Europe and the Middle East.

Еarly written sources indicate that Odessos (Varna of nowadays) was established as a colony of Millet, a city in Greek Asia Minor, in the second quarter of 6-th century BC. This was the period of the so called Great Greek Collonisation. The name of the city Odessos – a settlement on water, “Watertown” is not Greek, it comes from an earlier linguistic layer indicating the existence of an earlier settlement in the area. The city developed as a classical polis type. At a certain time Odessos became one of the most significant ports and trade centres in the Black Sea area. Imported ceramics found on the territory of the ancient town show the main directions of trade relations at that time. In the first decades ties were maintained with the mother city of Millet and the territories nearby, on the Western cost of Asia Minor, but starting with the beginning of the 5-th c. BC, the priority was taken over by Athens.

Varna is the largest city on the Bulgarian Black Sea coast. The city rises in tiers following the curves of Varna bay. Nowadays because of its history and dynamic present it is often called The Sea Capital of Bulgaria.

With its modern port, railway junction and international airport connecting the city to 35 countries and over 100 cities in the world Varna is one of the largest transport centers in Bulgaria.

Center of one of the oldest music festivals for classical music in Bulgaria, Varna is a city with famous drama and puppet theatre, opera and philharmonic orchestra. Here are also two of the most modern multifunctional halls in the country – The Palace of Culture and Sport and the Festival Congress Center, which allow a lot of international cinema festivals, scientific forums and sport events to be held there.

Some of the events that take place here are: Varna Summer International Music Festival, International Ballet Competition, Varna Summer International Jazz Festival, International Folk Festival, Love is Folly International Film Fest, Golden Rose Bulgarian Feature Film Festival, Golden Dolphin International Puppet Festival, August in Art Biennial of Visual Arts and others.

Varna is candidate for European Youth Capital 2016 and  European Capital of Culture 2019.


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